Sekolah Melayu Dahulu, Wangsa Mahkota Selangor

Sekadar Gambar Hiasan : Gambar Sekolah Melayu di Selangor sekitar tahun 1890

Sekolah Melayu yang didirikan di Klang iaitu Sekolah Melayu Pangkalan Batu yang didirikan pada tahun 1875. Kedudukan sekolah tersebut berdekatan dengan Sungai Klang. Sekolah ini tidak lagi wujud pada masa kini.

Rex Stevenson, Cultivators And Administrators British Educational Policy Towards the Malays 1875, 1906, Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1975, hlm. 25. Menjelaskan sekolah Vernakular Melayu pertama di negeri Selangor yang didirikan di Klang telah dilawati oleh pegawai-pegawai pelajaran British pada tahun 1879.

“The first record inspection of the Klang school took place on 15 Dec. 1879. It revealed that although there were thirty boys on the Register, the daily aver age attendance was between eight and ten and those present on the day of inspection, only three could read or write. It was found that the master , Mohamed Zin, often employed the pupils „cutting firewood, running errands etc‟ while sending out his own children, who also attended the school, at early and late hours of the day to sell fruits etc.

Sekolah ini telah menjadi sejarah kepada negeri Selangor sebagai sebuah sekolah Melayu Pertama di negeri Selangor. Kerna banyaknya laporan yang mengatakan keengganan ibu bapa menghantar anak-anak lelaki ke sekolah telah menyebabkan satu undang-undang diluluskan pada Jun 1891 yang mewajibkan kanak-kanak lelaki berumur antara tujuh dan empat belas tahun untuk pergi ke sekolah.

Namun ada factor yang dikaitkan dengan keadaan perhubungan yang daif menyebabkan kegagalan orang Melayu menghantar anak-anak mereka ke sekolah.

“To overcome the reluctance of Malay parents to send their children to school, the Selangor State Government passed a law in June 1891, making it compulsory for Malay boys aged between seven and fourteen to attend school, if there was one within a radius of two miles of children‟s homes. Parents and guardians responsible for their children‟s schooling were liable to a penalty of five dollars or simple imprisonment not exceeding fourteen days in default of payment.”

Dalam masa yang sama Report on education, Federated Malay States for 1902. Usaha menggalakkan kanak-kanak perempuan bersekolah banyak dilakukan oleh pihak istana iaitu Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Ala’uddin Suleiman Shah.

“The School at Bandar has deteriorated since His Highness the Sultan has removed to the new Istana at Klang.His Highness takes great interest in the education of Malay girls and his influence was not beneficial in keeping the older girls at school. In Kuala Lumpur it is proposed to remove the loom to the Malay Settlement, in the hope that the older girls living there will interest themselves in this art.

CO 430/1-2, Selangor Sessional Papers 1888-1905 (1890 hlm.32).

Di kawasan Kuala Lumpur didapati pelajaran di sekolah-sekolah Inggeris menunjukkan kemajuan dan terdapat kalangan masyarakat di Kuala Lumpur mengetahui pentingnya mempelajari bahasa Inggeris. Oleh itu, pihak kolonial telah menyarankan agar anak-anak bangsawan diberikan kemahiran untuk menggunakan bahasa Inggeris.
Usaha ini telah dibuat oleh Rev.F.W.Haines dan didapati ia mendapat sambutan yang menggalakkan pada peringkat awal.

“The Rev.F.W.Haines arrived in the state in the month of November, and at the one formed a class of the son of some of the Selangor Rajas to whom I had explained the advantages of an English education. Raja Bot send his son, Raja Jumaat, and his nephews, Raja Itam and Raja Ibrahim: Raja Hassan sends his son, Raja Osman. Beside these there are Raja Jaafar and Raja Kechik, son of Raja Mahmud of Ulu Semenyih, Raja Yusuf son of Raja Yakub; Abdul Aziz, son of Sheikh Abdul Mohit, Penghulu of Klang; Ahmad son of Sheikh Mohammed Ali; and Tambi Ahmad, son of the Penghulu of Kapar. Progress was necessarily slow at first, the teacher being ignorant of Malay and the boys of English; but at the end of the years Mr Haines was able to write: I am more than satisfied with the progress the have made, and my mind has been entirely disabused of the opinion I had been induced to hold –viz., that I should find them lazy, and indisposed to learn